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Ken Spelman Books Ltd

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MONK WARD COMMITTEE BOOK. 19 pages, manuscript, with further pages left blank at the end. Central fold, some dustiness to the page edges and the covers. Original stiff paper wrappers with large royal coat of arms printed on one cover. The original reports of the meeting which started a discussion that was not resolved until the Heworth Enclosure Act of 1817. One page has a tipped in handwritten notice of aan additional motion presented at the meeting. 200mm x 160mm. [1766]. “At a meeting of many owners and occupiers of various messuages of the six several parishes, to wit, Saint Sampsons, St Trinity in the Kings Court alias Christ Parish, St Trinity Goodramgate with its members, St Saviour with its members, St Cuthbert with its members, and St Maurice without Monk Barr, in Monk Ward in the City of York; who were summoned to appear at St Anthony’s Hall in Peaseholm within the said Ward, this 14th day of November in the Year of our Lord 1766, by Mr Ralph Howard an unfree citizen of the said City... “ The meeting was opened by Mr Mortimer who informed those present that they were here “to consult together upon ways and means to forward... amicably, an Inclosure of the Common or Moor of Heworth... and for dividing the same, and for exempting certain Farms or parcel of Ground called the Granges, the Great Hall Fields, the Little Hall Fields.... Citizens, owners, occupiers and resident in certain other ancient messuages within the said Ward, were by the said Petition intended to be excluded from any common, or right of stray in any of the places aforesaid.” York possessed a large tract of grazing to the south of the city: Knavesmire, lying partly, and Hob Moor, wholly, within the city boundary. These rough and poorly drained pastures were used almost exclusively by the city; limited intercommoning was enjoyed on Knavesmire by the inhabitants of Middlethorpe and by the lord of Dringhouses manor, and on Hob Moor by the inhabitants of Holgate. The citizen's use of this pasture was restricted at least by the 16th century: it was enjoyed by Micklegate Ward and by certain limited parts of the other wards, and stints were imposed on the commoners, who were allowed to graze cows and horses but not sheep. By the 17th and 18th centuries, payments were being made for each animal, to meet the expenses of maintaining the pasture. Only one other tract falls into this category of permanent whole-year pasturage: that part of Heworth Moor which lay within the boundary of the liberty of the city. In 1772 Monk Ward still enjoyed that part of Heworth Moor within the city boundary, together with average in Grange Closes, Hall Field, and a small area west of the Foss. When extinguished by the Enclosure Acts of 1817 and 1818 this average was said to cover about 217 acres.